Ovarian Cancer is the third most commonly detected cancer among Indian women. It is a tumour growth that occurs in the ovaries, the female reproductive organs, which produce eggs. Though the disease begins in the ovaries, it can spread to surrounding pelvic organs, followed by upper abdominal organs and even other organs like the lungs.
The symptoms of this condition are extremely silent and require close attention. Women can take care of themselves by staying attentive and going for regular health check-ups. If anything in the body feels abnormal, especially with the abdomen, one must consider visiting a medical expert.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
- Pain or pressure in pelvis
- Irregular vaginal bleeding
- Back or abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Frequent urination
- Changes in bowel habit
Practitioners at AMRI hospital strongly suggest consulting a doctor, if these symptoms persist for more than two weeks.
Other symptoms that could also be experienced are:
- Weight Loss
What puts you at a risk of Ovarian Cancer?
- Family History
If anyone in the immediate family, or a close relative, has been diagnosed with ovarian or breast cancer, it will automatically put you at a risk of developing either of these cancers. According to experts at leading oncology hospitals like AMRI Hospitals, one way to determine your risk of developing cancer is to undergo genetic screening for mutations.
- Age Factor
Around 50% cases of ovarian cancer occur after the age of 63 years.
- Obesity and Overweight
Women with a body mass index of over 30 are at a higher risk of ovarian cancer.
Healthcare professionals at one of the best oncology hospitals in Kolkata, AMRI Hospitals, prefer the following methods for diagnosing ovarian cancer:
Blood Test: To check for high levels of a marker called CA-125
Imaging Tests: Ultrasounds, MRI scan or CT scan
Laparoscopy: A thin tube with an attached camera is inserted inside the abdomen, to check on the ovaries, quite often to take a tissue sample for a biopsy
Biopsy: The procedure where a tissue is taken as a sample and microscopically examined for definite results.
All types of ovarian cancer are treatable if a person is diagnosed in the early stages. Oncologists at AMRI Hospitals state that some types of ovarian cancers are also highly treatable in later stages. When considering survival data for patients of ovarian cancer, it is also worth noting that medical advances have been refining the outlook over the past 20 years. Nevertheless, attending regular screening and seeking help if any symptoms appear can often lead to early diagnosis, and this in turn increases the chance of receiving effective treatment.