Hair Transplant is the surgical procedure where only superficial part of skin is involved. It is considered as Type 1 surgery and done under local anaesthesia .It is very much safe surgery, but should be performed by the trained surgeon with all the precautions. In India Hair transplant surgery is successfully doing by doctors there is the famous doctor who is doing Hair transplant surgery in India with the best results. Many people from abroad are coming to India for getting their hair transplant done. Cost of hair Transplant in India is very less and quality of work they get is similar or even better in the hands of an experienced and qualified surgeon.
It’s a type of surgery that moves hair from your body already have to fill an area with thin or no hair. The surgeons clean your scalp and inject medicine to numb the back of your head. The doctor will choose one of two methods for the transplant: follicular unit strip surgery (FUT) or follicular unit extraction (FUE method) -It is renamed as Follicular unit Excision by the ISHRS recently.
Hair transplant surgery is normally safe when performed by an experienced, qualified board- certified plastic surgeon and Dermatologist.
What is a Hair Transplant?
The surgeon usually moves hair from the side or back of the head to the front or top of the head. Hair transplants ordinarily occur in a medical office under local anesthesia.
According to dermatologists, the pattern baldness is responsible for the majority of hair loss. This comes down to hereditary. The remaining cases are due to a diversity of factors, including:
- Hormonal imbalance
The surgeon removes small grafts or pieces of scalp from the places where your hair continues to grow. These may be mini-grafts of a few hairs, micro-grafts of only one or two hairs, or larger grafts of hair. In this modern era of hair transplant only micro grafts are used and that is why result of hair transplant gives natural look.
The grafts are inserted into tiny slash or holes the surgeon makes in your balding scalp area. Single-hair grafts are typically used for the soft hairline. Mini-grafts go behind those, and then large grafts, so your hair perceptibly becomes denser. The hair on the sides and back of your head usually grows throughout your life, so you don’t have to be worried about losing it after its transplanted.
There are some other surgical procedures available for the treatment of hair loss, including:
- Hair transplantation. In this procedure Parts of your scalp that have enough hair growth are removed, and hair follicles are transplanted to the bald skin area.
- Scalp reduction. Some of the bald scalps are surgically removed, and the parts of the scalp with voluminous hair growth are brought closer together. This can be combined with the hair transplant.
- Scalp expansion. Devices are inserted under the scalp of your skin for about three to four weeks to stretch the skin. This procedure can be done before a scalp reduction.
- Scalp micro pigmentation. Tiny tattoos can be applied to the scalp to create the appearance of a shaved head area.
- Scalp reduction and Scalp expansion are outdated and not used nowadays.
Who might benefit from a hair transplant?
Receiving a hair transplant can improve self-confidence and your appearance. A candidate with good transplantation for hair includes:
- Men with male pattern baldness
- Women with thinning hair
- Anyone who has lost some hair from a scalp injury or burn
- Facial scars in the mustache (cleft lip scar) and beard area.
Hair replacement isn’t a good option for:
- A woman with a widespread pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp
- People who don’t have adequate “donor” hair
- People who form keloid scars (fibrous, thick scars) after an injury or surgery
- People with hair loss due to medication such as chemotherapy
- Hair transplant is contraindicated in cicatricial alopecia.
Risks of Transplant Surgery
Hair transplantation is usually considered safe, though risks exist:
- Bleeding and some scarring
- Patchy growth of hair, which can often be corrected
- Grafts that will fail to take, which would mean repeating the surgery
Very rarely, transplants have some risks, including bleeding and infection. If done by untrained physician there’s also the chance for unnatural-.
Around the time new locks start to grow, some people have inflammation of the hair follicles, called folliculitis. Antibiotics and compresses can decrease the problem. There is also possibility to suddenly lose some of the original hair in the area where you got the new strands, this is known as shock loss. But most of the time-it is not permanent they will grow in 3-4 months along with the transplanted hair.
Talk with your doctor about these how much improvement you’re likely to get from the surgery. He can help you decide if it’s a good choice for you.