TERTIARY EDUCATION IN INDIA

TERTIARY EDUCATION IN INDIA

Any country is identified at the level of education of the citizen living inside it and this is the reason why India is moving forward at the world level today and the government is constantly making efforts to provide more modern and higher-level education to Indian students to compete at a global platform and providing many scholarships and fellowship programs to maximize the reach of their programs so that more and more students can take advantage of these programs without any financial problem. 

After finishing graduation and post-graduation, there is a twist in the life of a student when he has to decide his future career and sometimes it becomes quite difficult to decide whether to continue with the studies or start a job. But if a student wants to do Ph.D. further then he will have to face many types of challenges like the biggest challenge is the selection of institute and the expense on the studies and to get rid of all these problems, the government of India has started many fellowship programs through many organizations like CSIR, GATE, and ICMR or DBT. ICMR JRF is a Junior Research Fellowships provided by the Indian Council of Medical Research as an award when the qualified students get admitted into any medical college/ hospital/ university/ national laboratory/ institution of research and development and the JRF is implemented as soon as the student gets into the Ph.D. research program and the date of commencement should be not more than one year after getting the JRF award letter.

                    The exam is conducted with the collaboration between ICMR and PGIMER (Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research) at 12 centres across India in complete online mode, once in a year that usually held in the month of July. ICMR JRF examination notice publishes on the top English newspapers as well as on the official website of ICMR. To appear in this exam, students must pass their master’s degree with a minimum of 55% marks with the stream of Social or Life Science like zoology, botany, biochemistry, etc and there is also a provision for the reserved categories. The age limit for the General category is 28 years where relaxation is kept for the reserved categories. A total of 150 seats are available in which 120 is reserved for the field of biomedical science and 30 for social science. In the total duration of 5 years, the scholar will act as a junior research fellow for 2 years and after assessing his performance and research work, he will be promoted to SRF (senior research fellow) for further 3 years. In this 5-year term, the first 2 years the student will get 20000 plus HRA while working JRF and in the next 3 years he will get 24000 plus HRA while working SRF till the submission of the final research report and after completing the Ph.D., a scholar can pursue his career in the field of medical research any more.

               A career in the medical field is given great importance in any country of the world and the same happens in India. It not only provides you a good lifestyle but also considered as a good career option from return on investment perspective. In India, to get admission into super-specialty courses in medical like MCh. (Master of Chirurgiae) / DM (Doctorate of Medicine)/PDCC (Post-Doctoral Certificate Courses) is possible only through NEET SS (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Super Speciality) conducted by NBE (National Board of Examination) for private medical college, institution/universities or Armed forces medical service institution. But some colleges are exempted under the exam by the government like AIIMS, New Delhi /PGIMER, Chandigarh/ SRICHITRA, Thiruvananthapuram /NIMHANS, Bengaluru /JIPMER, Puducherry.

                  To appear in this examination, a student must have a post-graduate medical degree (MD/MS/DNB) or equivalent qualification from any recognized university and this exam is conducted once a year, usually at the beginning of June in computer-based online mode. The duration of the NEET SS is 3 hours and 30 minutes, in which 100 MCQ (multiple choice questions) questions are asked and the minimum 50 percentile is required to qualify. The forms for the year 2020 will be available on the site from the first week of May and the last date will be till the last of May and the admit cards will be released by the third week of June, whose exam will be taken in June and in July, results will be declared.

            This way, India is doing continuous work in the Tertiary Education System so that it can be made more effective and useful and can be used more and more in public interest.