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What is Problem based Learning?

What is Problem based Learning?

In the Problem based learning, a problem must be solved and it is the students who are challenged to find the solution. They will do it by working as a team, searching and gathering information while the teacher has the role of guiding them. In addition, an important aspect at the educational level is that this method favours motivating them to want to learn, since when students find the solution, other unknowns arise that they will want to solve.

Advantages of Problem-based learning

Problem-based learning is a very important teaching tool that brings many educational benefits to students. It is a method that teachers can apply to any subject and students bring the following benefits in their learning:

  • Students learn to relate the information they have found with what they already had. This means that they must be able to judge and decide the relevance of knowledge, detect nuances and differences, reformulate or expand their certainties
  • Having an active and participatory role makes students more autonomous and have more responsibilities, therefore, while they work they develop those qualities. When they seek information they make decisions, their capacity for analysis is encouraged, they learn to detect the needs that arise and to solve the objectives assigned to them
  • Being so involved motivates them to learn and arouses their curiosity
  • They develop skills that will also serve them in the future, it refers to: creativity , adaptation to changes, reasoning , logic or critical thinking
  • When you work in the classroom, learning based on problem solving combined with cooperative work will enhance communication and respect for others in your students
  • Today there is the possibility of integrating new technologies into teaching methods  and, without a doubt, you can also do it with learning based on problem solving. In this way your students will also learn to use the different media, programs and applications as a tool to find information and to communicate 

Application of Problem-Based Learning

Students become protagonists of their own learning and develop their autonomy and responsibility, since they are responsible for planning, structuring the work and developing the product to solve the question. The teacher’s job is to guide and support them throughout the process. We are seeing that as an Assignment Help teacher you have the guiding role for the student to find the solution to the problem posed. In addition, before starting to apply this teaching method it is important that you take into account a series of fundamental points that are the following:

  • Adapt the work space to facilitate the cooperation and autonomy of students when working
  • The teacher must ensure that the knowledge they possess will help them build the learning that will be tested with the problem we are going to pose
  • Depending on the type of problem that arises , a specific time will be marked to find the solution
  • Students should have the opportunity to have tutorials that will help them answer questions and, in addition, these queries will help you know the information students have and how they move forward in solving the problem
  • When the working groups are created, you can establish roles among the different members to facilitate teamwork
  • Problem-based learning motivates students to want to continue learning; in addition, it teaches them to be autonomous, independent and to have critical thinking among many other benefits. It is a methodology that is part of the innovative teachings  that in addition to developing their learning teaches them other skills that will serve them in their day to day

We show you how to apply work-based learning step-by step

  1. Selection of the topic and approach to the guiding question: Choose a topic linked to the reality of the students that motivates them to learn and allows you to develop the cognitive and competence objectives of the course you are looking for work. Then, ask them an open guiding question to help you detect their previous knowledge on the subject and invite them to think about what they should investigate or what strategies they should put in place to resolve the issue;
  2. Team formation: Organize groups of three or four students, so that there is a diversity of profiles and each one plays a role;
  3. Product definition or final challenge: Establish the product that students must develop based on the skills you want to develop. We recommend that you provide them with a rubric containing the cognitive and competence objectives that they must achieve, and the criteria to evaluate them;
  4. Planning: Ask them to present a work plan where they specify the planned tasks, the ones in charge of each one and the calendar to carry them out;
  5. Research: You must give your students autonomy to search, contrast and analyze the information they need to do the job. Your role is to guide them and act as a guide;
  6. Analysis and synthesis: The time has come for your students to share the information collected, share their ideas, debate, develop hypotheses, structure the information and find among all the best answer to the initial question;
  7. Product development: In this phase students will have to apply what they learned to the realization of a product that responds to the question posed at the beginning;
  8. Product presentation: Students should show their classmates what they have learned and show how they have responded to the initial problem. It is important that they have a structured script of the presentation, clearly explain and support the information with a wide variety of resources;
  9. Collective answer to the initial question: Once the presentations of all the groups are finished, reflect with your students on the experience and invite them to find a collective answer to the initial question;
  10. Evaluation and self-evaluation: Finally, evaluate the work of your students by means of the rubric that you have provided to them before, and ask them to self-evaluate